Cycle de séminaires scientifiques :
Agroécologie - Intensification écologique des systèmes de culture

Montpellier, Agropolis International

Development Ethics or How and Why to Evaluate Paradigms of Development

Intervenant(s):Lori Keleher — New Mexico State University Department of Philosophy, USA

Date : 2016-06-07

Montpellier Agroecology Sem. 07/06.2016: Development Ethics /Lori Keleher, New Mexico State University publié par agropolis International sur la chaine Agroécologie Montpellier.

Development Ethics, or the ethical reflection on the ends and means of development (Crocker 1998), is an increasingly popular field. The roots of development ethics can be traced back to the 1940s, but the phrase “Development Ethics” was first used in the 1970s by the American philosopher, Denis Goulet (who was heavily influence by French economist Louis-Joseph Lebret). Goulet set the agenda for much of development ethics in 1971 when he introduced the critical distinction between worthwhile development and ethically unacceptable mal-development. To assert definitively what qualifies as worthwhile development vs. mal development within development would be to beg a central question of development ethics. But there is general agreement among development ethicists that worthwhile development promotes human well being, and that mal development diminishes well being. Thus, a situation in which GDP rises, but human well being is diminished would be considered mal development.
My presentation begins with a brief introduction to the field of development ethics, followed by a similarly brief explanation of the role of the philosopher within development ethics. I then provide a demonstration of the philosopher at work in development ethics by engaging the concept of “development.” I examine three distinct paradigms of development: (1) the economic growth approach, (2) utilitarianism (as well as its contemporary manifestation Happiness Economics), and (3) the Capability Approach. I submit that the Capability Approach offers a superior approach to development.
I conclude by asking those in attendance to join me in a reflective discussion about the ethical dimensions of the ends and means at work in contemporary agronomics.

Questions à Lori Keleher, New Mexico State University Department of Philosophy, USA publié par Agropolis International sur la chaîne Agroécologie Montpellier.


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Les questions à Lori Keleher — New Mexico State University Department of Philosophy, USA


Au travers de séminaires/débats, des unités de recherche en agronomie de Montpellier (Cirad, Inra, Ird et Montpellier SupAgro) vous proposent, en partenariat avec Agropolis International, une animation collective transversale mensuelle autour de l'intensification écologique des systèmes de culture.


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